# closed geometry

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closed geometry
Техника: замкнутая геометрия

Универсальный англо-русский словарь. . 2011.

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• Geometry — (Greek γεωμετρία ; geo = earth, metria = measure) is a part of mathematics concerned with questions of size, shape, and relative position of figures and with properties of space. Geometry is one of the oldest sciences. Initially a body of… …   Wikipedia

• geometry — /jee om i tree/, n. 1. the branch of mathematics that deals with the deduction of the properties, measurement, and relationships of points, lines, angles, and figures in space from their defining conditions by means of certain assumed properties… …   Universalium

• Closed geodesic — In differential geometry and dynamical systems, a closed geodesic on a Riemannian manifold M is the projection of a closed orbit of the geodesic flow on M. Contents 1 Examples 2 Definition 3 See also 4 …   Wikipedia

• Closed set — This article is about the complement of an open set. For a set closed under an operation, see closure (mathematics). For other uses, see Closed (disambiguation). In geometry, topology, and related branches of mathematics, a closed set is a set… …   Wikipedia

• Closed timelike curve — In mathematical physics, a closed timelike curve (CTC) is a worldline in a Lorentzian manifold, of a material particle in spacetime that is closed, returning to its starting point. This possibility was first raised by Kurt Gödel in 1949, who… …   Wikipedia

• closed — adjective 1》 not open or allowing access.     ↘not open to all: the UN Security Council met in closed session. 2》 not communicating with or influenced by others: a closed society. 3》 Mathematics (of a set) having the property that the result of a …   English new terms dictionary

• Differential geometry of surfaces — Carl Friedrich Gauss in 1828 In mathematics, the differential geometry of surfaces deals with smooth surfaces with various additional structures, most often, a Riemannian metric. Surfaces have been extensively studied from various perspectives:… …   Wikipedia

• Algebraic geometry and analytic geometry — In mathematics, algebraic geometry and analytic geometry are two closely related subjects. While algebraic geometry studies algebraic varieties, analytic geometry deals with complex manifolds and the more general analytic spaces defined locally… …   Wikipedia

• Real closed field — In mathematics, a real closed field is a field F in which any of the following equivalent conditions are true:#There is a total order on F making it an ordered field such that, in this ordering, every positive element of F is a square in F and… …   Wikipedia

• Algebraic geometry — This Togliatti surface is an algebraic surface of degree five. Algebraic geometry is a branch of mathematics which combines techniques of abstract algebra, especially commutative algebra, with the language and the problems of geometry. It… …   Wikipedia

• Systolic geometry — In mathematics, systolic geometry is the study of systolic invariants of manifolds and polyhedra, as initially conceived by Charles Loewner, and developed by Mikhail Gromov and others, in its arithmetic, ergodic, and topological manifestations.… …   Wikipedia

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